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VWcms
WASD
OpenVMS …empowered

Java

Overview

J2VMS is a generic calling interface for accessing native code on OpenVMS. By using a collection of classes that mimic the argument passing mechanisms of compiled languages and a helper class that is reminiscent of LIB$CALLG it is possible to call any routine found in a shareable run-time library. Also included is the ability to manipulate OpenVMS data structures using a method similar to that offered in the BLISS programming language.

Originally conceived and written by Jim Brankin, J2VMS disappeared into obscurity for some time. Kednos has since resurrected this software package and begun active development of the interface. Below is documentation and software for the latest release.

Articles relating to J2VMS have been published in the OpenVMS Technical Journal. Calling OpenVMS Native Routines From Java was published in V12. WSIT and J2VMS: A Comparative Analysis is an unpublished article that attempts to compare the merits of HP's Web Services Integration Toolkit and Kednos' Java-to-VMS Toolkit..

Software

The following J2VMS software product kits are available for download:

  • J2VMS PCSI software kit, PCSI|ZIP. This kit contains V1.3 of J2VMS and is for both OpenVMS Alpha and I64.

The last release from www.j2vms.co.uk (now defunct), Version 1.2 is available from here.

Java for OpenVMS Alpha and I64 can be downloaded from HP at their website here.

If for some reason you are unable to download the J2VMS software and/or the Java software supplied by HP we can provide physical media kits with all necessary software upon request.

Documentation

The following documentation covers the J2VMS product:

All manuals are produced using DECdocument from Touch Technologies, Inc. and Javadoc from Sun.

For all Java on OpenVMS Alpha and I64 related documentation please visit the following HP websites:

For documentation related to the Java language and API then please consult the Sun website.

Licensing & Support

J2VMS is a comercial product available from Kednos Enterprises. License PAKs and formal support agreements are available and can be discussed further by contacting sales@kednos.com.

Evaluation licenses are available on request by contacting sales@kednos.com.

For all Java related support queries please consult the Java for OpenVMS Alpha and I64 software support pages.

Examples

The following are a collection of examples demonstrating the J2VMS interface. Some have corresponding native language examples that can be used to compare the two environments. All Java examples are included in the software product kit.

Hello World
Source: put.java (javadoc)
Description: This example simply demonstrates the declaration of an external routine (similar to the C extern construct) and calling it. In this case it is the routine LIB$PUT_OUTPUT writting that familiar message to the terminal.
Build Instructions: Assuming the correct J2VMS and Java setup has been preformed, the following commands should build and execute the example program.
$ javac -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar" put.java
$ java -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar:./" put

Get Some Input
Source: get.java (javadoc)
Description: This example fetches a line of input using the LIB$ Run-Time Library routine LIB$GET_INPUT and then writes it to the terminal using LIB$PUT_OUTPUT. This example demonstrates the use of the StringBuffer class to pass a dynamic string to LIB$GET_INPUT for receiving the resulting string.
Build Instructions:

Assuming the correct J2VMS and Java setup has been performed, the following commands should build and execute the example program.

$ javac -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar" get.java
$ java -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar:./" get

Disk Driver
Source: disk_driver.java
Description:

This program is an example that demonstrates the use of OpenVMS disk drivers using RMS and QIO services. It is based on the C module of the same name and produces identical results. The C version can be found in SYS$EXAMPLES or can be downloaded here. The following comments are from the module header:

  DISK_DRIVER -- Programming example to demonstrate use of
  OpenVMS disk drivers using RMS and QIO services.  The module
  first uses RMS $CREATE to create a file called MYDATAFIL.DAT in
  the default directory and then writes one hundred 512-byte (1 disk
  block) records, each of which contains the record number
  repeated 512 times, using RMS $PUT.  It then uses QIO services
  to access, randomly read and write, and close the file, swapping the
  contents of each pair of records.  If any errors are detected,
  the program exits with the error status associated with the
  error.
Build Instructions:

Assuming the correct J2VMS and Java setup has been performed, the following commands should build and execute the example program.

$ javac -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar" disk_driver.java
$ java -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar:./" disk_driver

Working With Locks
Source: lock.java
Description: This example demonstrates calling the $ENQW and $DEQW System Services from Java including modifying the lock value block.
Build Instructions:

Assuming the correct J2VMS and Java setup has been performed, the following commands should build and execute the example program.

$ javac -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar" lock.java
$ java -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar:./" lock

Get Some More Input
Source: get.java
Description: This example is from the J2VMS User Guide. It simply demonstrates the difference between passing java.lang.String and java.lang.StringBuffer objects by descriptor. It does this by requesting input from the user via the LIB$ Run-Time Library LIB$GET_INPUT.
Build Instructions:

Assuming the correct J2VMS and Java setup has been performed, the following commands should build and execute the example program.

$ javac -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar" get2.java
$ java -classpath "/sys$library/j2vms$vs.jar:./" get2

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